initial

initial adj Initial, original, primordial can all mean existing at or constituting the beginning or start of a thing, espe-cially of a thing that gradually assumes shape or form or that manifests itself in many ways. Nevertheless, in spite of this agreement in meaning, the words are rarely interchangeable, usually because of additional and differing implications, but often also because of the determination of their use by idiom.
Initial, in general, is used in reference to things seen as a whole, often in fact but sometimes in thought; the term, therefore, usually implies an end or completion
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the initial letter of a word

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the initial stage of a disease

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an aggressor nation would always have the initial advantage— Dean

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the great incentive to effort, all through life, is experience of success after initial difficulties— Russell

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Original (see also NEW) is used especially with reference to what is the very first in order or constitutes the ultimate beginning or source; in this sense it usually connotes the idea of being underived or unimitated and implies that there is nothing from which the original thing has sprung. A court that has original jurisdiction has the right to try a cause to determine both the facts and the application of the law to them, as distinguished from a court with appellate jurisdiction. "Original sin" was committed by Adam and Eve as the first human beings but, in theological use, the phrase also means that sin as its leaves its traces upon every human being
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great books are original communications. Their authors are communicating what they themselves have discovered— Adler

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Sometimes, however, original means something more specific; thus, the original owner of a piece of land would strictly be the one who first held it by a natural or legal right, but in legal interpretation the phrase may be used of an earlier owner when successive owners are mentioned; an author's original work may be the work first produced by him, but more often it means (without regard to order of writing) a work independently conceived and executed by him
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an original print is not, of course, original in the same sense as a painting. With a painting there is only one true original, whereas there may be as many as 50 or 75 originals of a given print— Cain

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Primordial (see also PRIMARY) is comparable with initial and original through its implied reference to what forms the actual beginning or starting point or the earliest form taken by something that follows a course, an evolution, a progression, or an unfolding
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speculate on the nature of the primordial universe

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the primordial mind

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the new discoveries . . . strongly support the theory that the universe has been expanding ever since a primordial explosion in which it was born— Walter Sullivan

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Analogous words: starting, beginning, commencing (see BEGIN): *primary, primal, primeval, pristine: *elementary
Antonyms: final
Contrasted words: *last, latest, terminal, concluding

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Initial D — Лого франчайза Initial D 頭文字D (Инисяру Ди:) Жанр …   Википедия

  • Initial D — Originaltitel 頭文字D Transkription Inisharu Dī …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Initial D — 頭文字D (Inisharu Dī) Type Seinen Genre Course automobile, action, drame Manga Type Seinen Auteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • initial — initial, iale, iaux [ inisjal, jo ] adj. et n. f. • 1130, rare av. fin XVIIe; lat. initialis, de initium « commencement » 1 ♦ Qui est au commencement, qui caractérise le commencement (de qqch.). État initial. ⇒ originel, primitif. Cause initiale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • iniţial — INIŢIÁL, Ă, iniţiali, e, adj., s.f. 1. adj. (Adesea adverbial) Care este la început, de la început; începător. 2. s.f. Litera cu care se începe un cuvânt. ♦ Abreviere a prenumelui (şi a numelui) unei persoane, formată din iniţiale (2). [pr.: ţi… …   Dicționar Român

  • initial — I adjective basic, beginning, commencing, early, elementary, embryonic, first, fundamental, inaugural, inceptive, inchoate, incipient, initiative, initiatory, introductory, leading, maiden, nascent, opening, original, prefatory, premier, primal,… …   Law dictionary

  • Initial — In*i tial, a. [L. initialis, from initium a going in, entrance, beginning, fr. inire to go into, to enter, begin; pref. in in + ire to go: cf. F. initial. See {Issue}, and cf. {Commence}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of or pertaining to the beginning;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • initial — [i nish′əl] adj. [< Fr or L: Fr < L initialis < initium, a beginning < inire, to go into, enter upon, begin < in , into, in + ire, to go < IE base * ei > Goth iddja] having to do with, indicating, or occurring at the… …   English World dictionary

  • Initial — In*i tial, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Initialed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Initialing}.] To put an initial to; to mark with an initial of initials. [R.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • initial — initial, von lateinisch initialis ‚anfänglich‘, ist ein Wortbildungselement, das den Beginn oder auch Auslöser eines Vorgangs bezeichnet. Als Substantiv bezeichnet Initiale einen schmückenden Anfangsbuchstaben, der im Werksatz als erster… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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